SCOPE OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
Before discussing the scope of Educational technology, one should know what the word ‘scope’ refers to. Scope refers to. Scope refers to what is to be included and what is not to be included. What are the upper and lower limits of inclusion ? what are the fields which fall under its jurisdiction ? In fact, in case of any branch of knowledge, it refers to the topics/areas of study which are to be included. Scope of educational technology depends upon the context in which the term educational technology is used. So we have to find out solution from two problems-inclusions and limitations of educational technology.
As we have already concluded, educational technology approaches teaching learning via behavioural sciences by using scientific and technological methods and concepts which have been developed in all the fields related to education i.e. language, communication, education, sociology and psychology etc.
Management principles of cost effectiveness are given due consideration. Emphasis also lies on efficient development and use of available resources in man and material i.e. media, methods and equipments.
Above mentioned broad concept of educational technology helps us to explore the territory of educational technology and map out what it has in its store. Following are the areas which can be explored in its scope.
Efforts to attain optimum educational purposes: This requires thorough analysis of process of teaching and learning which on one hand includes concept, variables levels, phases, theories of teaching and on the other hand, includes concepts, theories and factors related to learning. It also analyses the relationship between teaching and learning and the impact of teaching on learning.
Determining Educational Goals.
Here educational technology tries to identify objectives in terms of aspiration s and requirements of society , resources material as well as non-material that are available. behavioural specifications etc.
Scope of educational technology not only includes identification of educational goals but also moulding these goals into a perfect curriculum for achieving those goals. It also highlights ways and means to select contents of the curriculum , sequencing those contents in such a way so that instruction becomes more effective.